Barberry is the shrub without thorn that has about 1 to 5 meters length. The wood of this plant is brown, red or yellow. The leaves of this plant are in oval shape with saw teeth and the fruit of that is in the oval shape, red and sour. The root of this plant with the special name of “Aertkhis” has its own properties for itself.
At the end of spring and at first of summer is the time of blossom this kind of shrub. Yellow buds of berries in the autumn coming to have red color for themselves.
Barberry is the native of temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. Iran is the world’s largest producer of barberry, that among them Khorasan provinces and Qaenat city with having nearly 97 percents of the cultivated lands for themselves, has about 95 percent of this product in hand.
Barberry cultivation in Khorasan province
This kind of product is farming in the Khorasan province especially in Ghaen, and under the Mountain of Ghaen such as Afin village and the other villages of there and the distance of that until the center of Khorasan province is about 100 to 110 Kilometers.
Khorasan province has the top position in the production of Barberry in between all provinces of whole Iran. After Khorasan Mazandaran especially Tonecabon with producing the beautiful barberry has the second position in Iran. It is important to know that the Beautiful Barberry is only for making the environment and the yard beautiful and they don’t have too much fruit.
- They are a rich source of vitamin C. It also contains vitamin B, such as thiamine, and minerals such as zinc.
- Barberry contains elements that are of great medicinal value. This chemical is used as an antibiotic to kill bacteria, fungi and protozoa.
- The fruit, stem and root skin contain chemicals such as alkaloids and Isoquinoline, which are effective in treating various diseases.